A storyboard is a series of diagrams that represent the shots that will be shown on screen in the film. These can be very helpful in visualising your final piece, and actually allows you to finalise your ideas for the film. It can also be incredibly useful for filming efficiently, as it is a basic plan of what needs to be recorded and will save any confusion as to what needs to be filmed as it will all be on a piece of paper right in front of you when it comes to film.
I will look at a couple of storyboards from iconic film scenes and compare them to the scenes in the film, in order to understand how accurate they are and if there is anything I can learn from then for when I come to create my storyboards.
Here is the storyboard for Hitchcock’s Psycho (1960):
And here is the final scene:
As you can see, the two are almost completely identical and it is clear that these storyboards have been examined in close detail before recording, so that the actual film work resembles it closely. As you can see, this particular storyboard doesn’t include any descriptions of the camera movements or any other sort of direction, but the drawings are in such great detail and most actions within the film are shown in multiple diagrams on the story board (such as the hand sliding down the wall) so it is very obvious what is happening even without the instructions. For my storyboards, I will include descriptions of what is happening in each shot, because my drawing ability isn’t as high a standard as the artist Saul Bass, who drew the storyboard for Psycho, and thus without the descriptions it may not be as clear what it taking place in each shot.
This is the story board for Forrest Gump (1994) by Robert Zemeckis:
And here is the clip of the scene:
There are a few more dissimilarities between the storyboard for Forrest Gump and the clip than Psycho, mainly that the action is shown through a TV screen rather than directly filling the screen of the film. However, this decision may have taken place in post production which may easily happen when I come to produce my short film. Both of the storyboards have been created in black and white with no descriptions, however since I am not a professional storyboard artist, I think I’ll colour them in and add any descriptions just to ensure that they are as clear to understand as possible. Ultimately, the diagrams drawn on the storyboards are almost exactly what is shown on camera despite a few minor details.
From conducting my research into storyboards and comparing them with the scene from the film, I can clearly see how important it is to create story boards that show exactly what I plan to be shown on camera.